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basic_json::to_ubjson

// (1)
static std::vector<std::uint8_t> to_ubjson(const basic_json& j,
                                           const bool use_size = false,
                                           const bool use_type = false);

// (2)
static void to_ubjson(const basic_json& j, detail::output_adapter<std::uint8_t> o,
                      const bool use_size = false, const bool use_type = false);
static void to_ubjson(const basic_json& j, detail::output_adapter<char> o,
                      const bool use_size = false, const bool use_type = false);

Serializes a given JSON value j to a byte vector using the UBJSON (Universal Binary JSON) serialization format. UBJSON aims to be more compact than JSON itself, yet more efficient to parse.

  1. Returns a byte vector containing the UBJSON serialization.
  2. Writes the UBJSON serialization to an output adapter.

Parameters

j (in)
JSON value to serialize
o (in)
output adapter to write serialization to
use_size (in)
whether to add size annotations to container types; optional, false by default.
use_type (in)
whether to add type annotations to container types (must be combined with use_size = true); optional, false by default.

Return value

  1. UBJSON serialization as byte vector
  2. /

Exception safety

Strong guarantee: if an exception is thrown, there are no changes in the JSON value.

Complexity

Linear in the size of the JSON value j.

Example

Example

The example shows the serialization of a JSON value to a byte vector in UBJSON format.

#include <iostream>
#include <iomanip>
#include <nlohmann/json.hpp>

using json = nlohmann::json;

// function to print UBJSON's diagnostic format
void print_byte(uint8_t byte)
{
    if (32 < byte and byte < 128)
    {
        std::cout << (char)byte;
    }
    else
    {
        std::cout << (int)byte;
    }
}

int main()
{
    // create a JSON value
    json j = R"({"compact": true, "schema": false})"_json;

    // serialize it to UBJSON
    std::vector<uint8_t> v = json::to_ubjson(j);

    // print the vector content
    for (auto& byte : v)
    {
        print_byte(byte);
    }
    std::cout << std::endl;

    // create an array of numbers
    json array = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8};

    // serialize it to UBJSON using default representation
    std::vector<uint8_t> v_array = json::to_ubjson(array);
    // serialize it to UBJSON using size optimization
    std::vector<uint8_t> v_array_size = json::to_ubjson(array, true);
    // serialize it to UBJSON using type optimization
    std::vector<uint8_t> v_array_size_and_type = json::to_ubjson(array, true, true);

    // print the vector contents
    for (auto& byte : v_array)
    {
        print_byte(byte);
    }
    std::cout << std::endl;

    for (auto& byte : v_array_size)
    {
        print_byte(byte);
    }
    std::cout << std::endl;

    for (auto& byte : v_array_size_and_type)
    {
        print_byte(byte);
    }
    std::cout << std::endl;
}

Output:

{i7compactTi6schemaF}
[i1i2i3i4i5i6i7i8]
[#i8i1i2i3i4i5i6i7i8
[$i#i812345678

Version history

  • Added in version 3.1.0.